Countries and states are adopting a phased approach in which some rules are relaxed while others are enforced. For example, as of mid-March, more than 40 states placed tens of millions of US residents under some form of lockdown order that includedguidelines, and . As day-to-day affairs begin to level off in some parts of the country, government and health officials are working on plans for
Officials around the US and the world are embracing the gradual reopening, from the White House to medical experts at Johns Hopkins University. Here's what the different stages of reopening for your region might look like as society slowly opens up. This is the stage many residents are going through, with social distance and stay-at-home orders that keep most people indoors, other than essential shopping trips and recreational walks.
Non-essential businesses and activities such as shopping centers, theaters, sporting events, hair salons, barber shops and casinos are closed. Businesses that provide essential health and safety services have remained open, including grocery and hardware stores, pharmacies, hospitals, medical centers, banks, and gas stations.
Restaurants – and pubs and bars in some states such as New Jersey – are considered essential, but require you to pick up your order or haveinstead of sitting down to eat.  Outside, residents are required to avoid large groups, practice social distance, and in some regions .
Stage 2: Lockdown Begins to Lift
This is the next stage many states are about to pass. The United States government, in conjunction with public health advisers, suggests that quarantine restrictions may begin to diminish after:
- The number of daily cases has been steadily decreasing for at least two weeks.
- Hospitals and medical centers can operate outside crisis mode to care for all COVID-19 patients.
- are widely available to health professionals at risk.
California has eased restrictions on construction and certain DMV operations, for example, and Georgia has already told companies they can reopen.
Some states – including New York – could wait for more safeguards, such asto fall into place. could be another big part for some states, to quickly find people who have come into contact with an infected person and to isolate themselves.
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States are likely to open businesses that are considered low risk for spreading the virus, such as garden supplies, construction sites and production locations. To get back to work and school, expect physical distance requirements indoors (for example, 6-foot desks) and temperature controls as part of the condition of entering a building or classroom.
The most vulnerable people, including the elderly and those with underlying conditions, may still have to hide in place.
Stage 3: Opening More Businesses and Activities
With decreasing daily cases andstate leaders will attempt to reopen higher-risk businesses where customers and employees are in close contact for extended periods of time stand. of time, such as nail shops and hairdressing salons. Gyms, cinemas and churches can also be opened during this phase.
As states gently ease restrictions,will play an increasingly important role in monitoring the spread of the virus. is a long-accepted tool used by public health officials to identify infected individuals and anyone who may have come close to the person who has tested positive for the disease. To help identify potential new COVID-19 cases, health officials look to our cell phones to build a list of contacts.
Stage 4: Herd Immunity or Vaccine Will Help Restore Normality
The purpose of the first three stages is to bring us to a point of community-wide resistance to the coronavirus. One way to achieve this iswhich means that 60% or more of the population has been exposed to the coronavirus and . The other approach is via . Once we have a safe and effective vaccine and therapeutic agents to protect the population from infection, the authorities will be able to lift social distance regulations completely and create a new standard.
What about travel bans and restrictions?
Reopening of public transport and other forms of mass transport, such as air and train travel for non-essential travel, is an important but potentially risky phase, as passengers are often in close contact for long periods of time. Domestic air travelbut international holidays . And in some cases they are not even possible, because airlines have cut routes.
States will also be looking for relaxed travel between states: some states, including Hawaii and Rhode Island, need everyone arriving in the state, visitor, visitor or tourist – to quarantine for 14 days themselves.
When you open your state, you still want to take steps to make sure you stay safe. Here's how to keephow to avoid and . If your state or region eases its coronavirus restrictions, let us know in a comment.
The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health care professional if you have questions about a medical condition or health goals.