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Here’s everything we know about the coronavirus vaccine so far and what to expect when it arrives.
How many coronavirus vaccines will there be?
Dozens of vaccine candidates are in development around the world, but two of them are coming out, would be 95% and 94% effective against the coronavirus, respectively. Both companies have urged approval of the to roll out vaccines .
Pfizer and Moderna both use a type of vaccine technology that focuses on the(that’s the official name of the coronavirus). Expect other types of vaccines to emerge, such as from Novavax and AstraZeneca in collaboration with Oxford University. In addition, dozens more are in development, and different countries may use different vaccine formulations from different manufacturers.
How many doses of the vaccine are readily available?
Pfizer and Moderna are ramping up production, but we do know that by 2020 there will be up to 50 million doses of Pfizer vaccine and 20 million doses of Moderna initially. By 2021, we can expect 1.3 billion doses from Pfizer and anywhere from 500 million to 1 billion doses from Moderna.
After the first vaccine, a second dose is needed after a certain period of weeks (depending on the vaccine you receive, this may take three or four weeks). This is required for both Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to be effective. As a result, for example, 20 million doses can vaccinate 10 million people. The US has about 330 million inhabitants.
Is the COVID-19 Vaccine an Injection or Something Else?
The current immunization works as a series of two injections administered several weeks apart for the complete inoculation to take place. There may be another way to get vaccinated in the future, such as an IV, where the vaccine is given intravenously, or an adhesive patch that you put on your skin for a period of time.
When can I get the vaccine? Is there an order for who receives it first?
Yes. Since the number of doses that can be taken at one time is limited, states will prioritize which groups of people will line up first to get the COVID-19 immunization. An advisory group from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has made a recommendation, which the CDC could adopt. But every state has the final say.
Every major global and domestic recommendation to date puts health professionals at the top of that list, with the general population last. Depending on who you are, you may have to wait until spring or summer, when there are enough vaccines to go around, to get vaccinated. Here is a more complete list(and finally).
How do I know when I can be vaccinated? What should I do while waiting for a vaccine to be available?
Your state and local health care providers will begin to communicate who can be immunized first against COVID-19 and how to do it. We’ll be watching for more details and will update this section when we know more.
In the meantime, health experts insist that you shouldsocially distancing yourself from people outside of your household and washing your hands to slow the spread of disease. In the US, more than 14 million cases are currently reported, with more than 276,000 known deaths, as infections continue to increase in addition to record-breaking hospital admissions.
Can I choose which coronavirus vaccine I will receive?
It is uncertain whether you can choose which brand or type of vaccine you will receive. This may depend on how many doses of the vaccine are available in your area and where you should receive it.
It also depends on whether you live near a medical center that has “ultra-cold medical-grade freezers,” reports USA Today, since the Pfizer vaccine must be stored in cold, dry ice temperatures. The Moderna vaccine, on the other hand, can be stored for up to 30 days at temperatures between 36 and 46 degrees Fahrenheit, making it much easier to access.
Note that once you get the first vaccination, you should stick with that brand on the second shot.
When will the vaccine be available to everyone?
According to Moncef Slaoui, the federal government’s chief science advisor for Operation Warp Speed, everyone in the US could have been vaccinated against COVID-19 by June. Dr. Anthony Fauci, America’s top infectious disease expert, expects everyone to have access to the vaccine between April and June 2021.
When you however, you will receive the coronavirus vaccine will depend on which group you fall into. You can get it in January if you’re a healthcare provider, or you may have to wait until June if you’re a younger adult with no pre-existing conditions.
Will children be able to get the vaccine?
Children will not be able to receive the coronavirus vaccines immediately. Dr. Jose Romero, a CDC adviser, said children under 18 can expect their photos in the second half of 2021, CNBC reported.
Moderna plans to begin testing the vaccine on children between the ages of 12 and 17 this year, but has not yet started the recruitment process, according to a government study from Clinical Trials. Pfizer announced in October that it would start testing its vaccine on children 12 and older. For now, it is undetermined when the COVID-19 vaccine will be tested on children aged 11 and under.
How much will the coronavirus vaccine cost me?
Regardless of whether you have health insurance or not, the COVID-19 vaccine is free for all Americans, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. The government organization also said it plans to make sure that you can reimburse for any FDA-approved coronavirus treatments you will be billed for.
But just because the vaccine itself is free doesn’t mean you won’t get a bill. According to the CDC, many providers can legally charge an administration fee for giving the injection to patients. However, you can file a claim with your insurance company, as it is required to cover approved preventative care under the Affordable Care Act.
Where can I get the vaccine once it gets here? Does it have to be in a hospital?
Like the flu vaccine, the coronavirus vaccine will likely be available at pharmacy stores, clinics, hospitals, doctor’s offices and health departments. A Walgreen representative told CNET that its pharmacies would distribute COVID-19 vaccines to customers, but didn’t say when.
It’s also likely that schools and community centers will serve as vaccination sites in the beginning to house more people, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation. The organization also says states must “approve hundreds to thousands of partners and sites for vaccine delivery.”
What Happens After I Get the COVID-19 Vaccine? Can I go where I want?
Once you have received the first coronavirus vaccine, you will receive a vaccination card stating which shot you received and when to return for the second.
After you receive both doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, the CDC recommends that you continue to practice social distance and wear a mask when out in public. The CDC says it is important to do this as “experts learn more about the protection COVID-19 vaccines provide under realistic conditions.”
Even though scientific evidence shows so far, there is still a lot we don’t know about the new virus. That’s why it’s important to follow the CDC’s guidelines to protect yourself and others from the coronavirus, whether you’ve had the vaccine or not.
For more information about the coronavirus vaccine,and .
The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended to be health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health care practitioner if you have any questions about a medical condition or health goals.