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How to back up your iPhone to your Mac or PC and avoid the cloud



If you are an iPhone user who is steadfast in maintaining your privacy, you are probably not very happy with the recent news that Apple retains the ability to make the most of what is in an iCloud backup. decoding at the request of government agencies such as the FBI.

In that case, you may want to pay attention to the saying that sometimes the best ways are the old ways. Although it is more convenient to use iCloud to back up your phone, you can back up your iPhone to your Mac or Windows computer and keep full control over your data backups.

If you have always backed up via iCloud, or if you have not made a local backup for a while, you might use a refresher course. This is how you do it.

  • Connect your phone to your computer with the charging cable
  • Start iTunes if you use Windows or a Mac with a macOS 1
    0.14 or earlier; use Finder on a mac with macOS 10.15 Catalina

If you use Finder, find your iPhone in the menu on the left under & # 39; Locations & # 39 ;.

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  • In iTunes you should see a small iPhone icon in the top left corner; select that. (If you don't see it, you may need to authorize your system. Go to the top iTunes menu and select "Account"> "Authorizations"> "Authorize this computer …" and follow the instructions.)

  Search for the phone icon in iTunes.

Search for the phone icon in iTunes.

  • After that, the process for iTunes or Finder is pretty much the same, although the appearance of the pages and language differ slightly. . Search for the category labeled & # 39; Backups & # 39 ;. Select & # 39; My Computer & # 39; (in iTunes) or & # 39; Back up all data on your iPhone to your Mac & # 39; (in Finder).
  • You want your backup for increased security. Check "Encrypt iPhone Backup" (in iTunes) or "Encrypt Local Backup" (in Finder) and enter a password. Do not lose that password; otherwise you lose access to your data.
  • After you have set the encryption, it is likely that the backup will start automatically. Otherwise, click "Back up now"

  Use iTunes to change your iCloud backup to this computer.

Use iTunes to change your iCloud backup to this computer.

If you need to restore your backup, just go to the same page and click on "Restore Backup …"

Note that you can either manually back up your iPhone, or that you can also have it automatically open every time you connect it to your computer. Look for "Options" just below the "Backups" section and select "Automatically sync when this iPhone is connected."

After setting up your backup on your computer, you probably want to delete all the backups that you have made to iCloud.

To do this on your Mac:

  • Click the Apple icon in the top corner of your system
  • Select "System Preferences"> "iCloud"
  • Select the "Manage" button in the lower right corner of the window

  • Select a backup to delete and select "Delete". You will be asked again to select "Delete"; this will remove all your backups from iCloud and disable any further backups.

To do this on your iPhone:

  • Go to "Settings" and tap your name
  • Select "iCloud"> "Manage storage"> "Backups"
  • Tap a backup up and then "Delete backup"
  • Tap "Disable & delete"

One more thing: handling iMessage without saving your data in iCloud can be a bit complicated, partly because iMessage end-to uses end-encoding (meaning it needs a key at both ends) and partly because iMessage can also use Messages for iCloud, the feature that allows iMessage to be synchronized between multiple Mac or iOS devices with the same account. We consulted Apple and this is actually how it works:

  • If you have enabled iCloud Backup, your backup contains a copy of the key that protects your messages. This is the most convenient setting. But in this article we assume that you want to disable iCloud Backup.
  • If you have disabled iCloud Backup but have enabled Messages for iCloud (what you can do on your iPhone by going to Settings, tap your name and select "iCloud"> "iMessage"), your messages will be shared with all your devices, but your encryption key remains local for those devices. According to Apple, that encryption key is not stored on the company's servers.
  • If you have disabled both iCloud Backup and Messages for iCloud, your only backup options are local.

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