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How to defragment your hard drive on Windows 10



  Windows 10 Optimize and Defragment Icon

Over time, a hard disk may become less efficient due to file system fragmentation. To speed up your drive, you can defragment and optimize it in Windows 10 with a built-in tool. Here's how.

What is defragmentation?

Over time, the data blocks (fragments) that make up files can be distributed in multiple locations around the surface of the hard drive. This is called fragmentation. Defragmentation moves all those blocks so that they are close to each other in physical space, which may speed up reading times when opening data on the disk. However, with modern computers, defragmentation is not the necessity it once was. Windows automatically defragments mechanical disks, and defragmentation is not necessary with solid-state disks.

Still, it doesn't hurt to run your disks as efficiently as possible. You may also need to defragment external hard drives connected via USB as they may not be connected when Windows performs the automatic defragmentation.

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9659008] How to defragment your hard drive on Windows 10

First press the Windows key or click the search box on your taskbar and type "defragment". Click the "Defragment and Optimize Your Disks" shortcut in the Start menu.

 Start the Disk Defragmenter from the Windows 10 Start Menu

The Optimize Disks window appears and it will list all the disks in your system that are eligible for optimization and defragmentation. If one of your disks is not listed, it could be because Windows 10 can only optimize disks formatted in the NTFS file system. Discs formatted as exFAT do not appear in the list.

RELATED: What is the Difference Between FAT32, exFAT and NTFS?

 A list of disks in Windows 10 Optimize and Defragment

Select the drive you want to defragment from the list and then click "Optimize".

This performs a defragmentation routine on a hard disk. On SSDs, it executes a TRIM command, which can potentially speed up the operation of your drive, but this is not really necessary as Windows does this in the background with modern drives.

 A List of Disks in Windows 10 Optimizing and Defragmenting

If the disk needs to be optimized and defragmented, the process begins. In the Current Status column, you will see a percentage progress indicator.

 Optimization and Defragmentation Status in Windows 10

When the process is complete, the time in the Last Run column is updated, and the current status will read something similar to "OK (0 % fragmented). "

 Optimization and defragmentation process completed in Windows 10

Congratulations, your disk has successfully defragmented. If you want, you can schedule regular defragmentation sessions in the 'Optimize Drives' window. by pressing the & # 39; Enable & # 39; in the & # 39; Planned Optimization & # 39; to click. That way, you don't have to remember to do it manually in the future.

Feel free to close the Optimize Drives window and use your computer as usual – and don't be surprised if you feel a little extra spring in your computer's step.


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