Notre Dame has been a landmark in Paris for centuries, and the fire of 15 April seized the internet. Social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter became important locations for news updates, ventilated emotions and statements of support.
The gothic cathedral, dating from the 12th century, is a masterpiece with its sky arches, breathtaking stained glass windows and sculpted gargoyles, within the walls are priceless Catholic remains and artifacts, paintings, sculptures and other precious works of art.
The facade of the cathedral has been the subject of countless paintings and the rising shape also inspired the famous novel by Victor Hugo, Notre Dame de Paris or The Hunchback or Notre Dame. Aside from being one of the most important religious sites in France, it is also one of the most visited monuments in the city.
Experts now intend to reinforce what is left of the 850-year-old structure.
What caused the fire? Was it an accident or arson?
The French judicial police believe that an electrical short circuit is most likely the cause of the. According to an anonymous official who spoke with the Associated Press, investigators are still not allowed in the cathedral for security reasons.
Authorities continue to investigate the fire as an accident, but consider the obsolete fire prevention of the cathedral, The New York Times reported. Valérie Pécresse, president of the Île-de-France region, where Paris is located, confirmed that the fire was an accident, although officials did not work out the exact cause. The Paris police said it may be related to the ongoing $ 6.8 million renovation work.
Moreover, elements such as firewalls and sprinkler installations were reportedly missing in the attic of Notre Dame, where the fire of your choice burned. Allegedly, electrical wiring was not allowed in the attic of the cathedral to preserve the original design and to protect the wooden beams of the ceiling.
How long did it take to put out the fire?
It took nine hours and more than 400 firefighters to control the fire and eventually extinguish it completely. No deaths were reported, but reportedly one firefighter was seriously injured.
How is Notre Dame now in danger?
The greatest danger facing the cathedral is the wind, Paolo Vannucci, the engineer who originally warned about the risks in Notre Dame in the event of a fire, La Repubblica, an Italian newspaper, told in mid-May . Vannucci said the monument could resist wind more than 137 miles per hour in front of the fire. Since the fire, that strength has decreased by 60%. Vannucci thinks it will take months to secure the building.
"According to my calculations, the risks of a collapse at the vault level are still high," Vannucci told La Repubblica.
What did the fire survive?
Although fire fighters initially said they "might not be able to save Notre Dame," they were able to maintain the main structure including the outer walls and the two bell towers. Photos taken from inside the cathedral on April 16 showed debris that still begged around the altar. Later a tweet showed up that the cock of the iconic striker survived the fire.
Artifacts and works of art were rescued by Parisian fire brigades and the deputy mayor for tourism and sport, Jean-Francois Martins, and his team. They could save the Crown of Thorns, the Holy Sacrament and other objects. The rescued works were transported to the Louvre for safekeeping. Copper statues from the 12 apostles and four evangelists were removed for cleaning as part of the restoration project.
"We made a human necklace with our friends from the church to get all the relics as quickly as possible," Martins told CBS News. "Everything is safe and undamaged, and in our really bad day we had one good news."
In addition,– survived the fire under the rose window. The Notre Dame beekeeper, Nicolas Geant, said he received a phone call from the spokesperson for the cathedral, who said the bees were flying in and out of their beehives. Geant posted photos of bees around one of the gargoyles last month.
What did it not survive?
The spire of the building and part of the roof fell apart in the fire.
What was the schedule of events during the fire?
The fire started shortly after the cathedral was closed at 6:45 pm . local time on April 15 and grew rapidly in windy conditions. The narrow streets, the heat of the flames and the positioning of the cathedral along the River Seine made it difficult for firefighters to get closer.
Around 7:53 pm the striker fell amid the flames. Less than fifteen minutes later, part of the roof collapsed, Reuters reported. The island where the cathedral is located, the Ile de la Cité in Paris, was evacuated just before 8:30 pm.
It looked terrible. "Everything burns, nothing stays out of the frame," Notre Dame spokesperson Andre Finot told us shortly after the start of the fire.
US President Donald Trump tweeted that "perhaps flying water tankers could be used to launch it," but the French government's civil defense agency replied that firefighters all use means to fight the fire ", except for water bombing which, if used, could lead to the collapse of the entire structure of the cathedral."