As day-to-day operations in some parts of the country begin to level off, government and health officials are working on plans fortake a multi-stage approach to relax some rules while keeping others intact – . For example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued this week on the reopening of schools, factories and other companies. The recommendations reinforce the path outlined by the White House and Johns Hopkins University.
The goal of a slow reopening of society is to preventwhich some experts believe may still come. . This is what all stages mean for you and your city.
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Stage 1: Delay the Spread of Coronavirus
In many parts of the US, this is from the stage where many residents are now emerging, with social distance and home-keeping orders that keep most people indoors, exceptand recreational walks.
In this first phase, non-essential businesses and activities such as shopping centers, theaters, sporting events, hair salons, barbershops and casinos are closed. Businesses providing essential health and safety services have remained open, including grocery and hardware stores, pharmacies, hospitals, medical centers, banks, and gas stations.
Restaurants – as well as pubs and bars in states such as New Jersey – are considered essential, but require you to pick up your order or haveinstead of sitting down to eat.  Outdoors, residents should avoid large groups, practice social distances, and in some regions .
Stage 2: Lockdown Begins to Lift
This is the stage when many states pass. The United States government, in conjunction with public health advisers, suggests that quarantine restrictions may begin to diminish after:
- The number of daily cases has been steadily decreasing for at least two weeks.
- Hospitals and medical centers can operate outside crisis mode to care for all COVID-19 patients.
- are becoming widely available to health professionals at risk.
California has eased restrictions on construction and certain DMV operations and reopened state park parking lots. The state is also looking at how professional sports events can return this summer.
Some states – including New York – may be waiting for more safeguards, such asto fall into place. could be another big part for some states, to quickly find people who have come into contact with an infected person and to isolate themselves.
States in phase 2 are beginning to open businesses that are considered low risk of spreading the virus, such as garden stores, construction sites, and production sites. To get back to work and school, expect indoor social distance requirements (e.g., two-meter desks) and possibly temperature controls as part of the condition of entering a building or classroom.
The most vulnerable, including the elderly and those with underlying conditions, may still be needed or encouraged to take shelter.
Stage 3: Opening More Businesses and Activities
With decreasing daily cases andstate leaders will attempt to reopen higher-risk businesses, where customers and employees are in close contact for extended periods of time stand. of time, such as nail shops and hairdressing salons. Gyms, cinemas and churches can also be opened during this phase. Some states, such as Georgia, are already entering this phase.
As states gently ease restrictions,will play an increasingly important role in monitoring the spread of the virus. is a long-accepted tool used by public health officials to identify infected individuals and anyone who may have come close to the person who has tested positive for the disease. To help identify potential new COVID-19 cases, health officials look to our cell phones to build a list of contacts.
Stage 4: Herd Immunity or Vaccine Will Help Restore Normality
The purpose of the first three stages is to bring us to a point of community-wide resistance to the coronavirus. One way of achieving this iswhich means that 60% or more of the population has been exposed to the coronavirus and . The other approach is via . Once we have a safe and effective vaccine and antiviral drug to protect and treat the population, the authorities will be able to lift social distance regulations completely and introduce a new standard.
What about travel bans and restrictions?
Reopening public transport and other forms of mass transportation, such as air and train travel for non-essential travel, is an important, but potentially risky, stage, as passengers are often in close contact for long periods of time. Domestic air travelbut international holidays . And in some cases they are not even possible, because airlines have cut routes.
States will also be looking for relaxed travel between states: some states, including Hawaii and Rhode Island, need everyone arriving in the state, visitor, visitor or tourist – to quarantine for 14 days themselves.
When your state opens, you still want to take steps to make sure you stay safe. Here's how to keephow to avoid and . If your state or region eases coronavirus restrictions, let us know in a comment.
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The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health – or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health care professional if you have questions about a medical condition or health goals.