We will also share what we know about other groups of people who may not have been vaccinated yet or who may be at certain risks. For the vast majority of people, the vaccines of bothand Moderna have been shown to be safe. However, as with any new drug, doctors encourage caution when taking coronavirus vaccines, especially for people who have had side effects from vaccinations in the past.
For example, a standard security measure with theinvolves staying at the site for some time after giving the injection. That’s to give medical professionals time to monitor for any side effects, but it doesn’t mean doctors expect anything bad to happen. Only a small number of people have had allergic or other types of reactions.
Here we collect available data from the FDA, WHO and CDC, along with information from leading health experts on who is advised to take the COVID-19 vaccine and who should contact a medical professional first.
When will a coronavirus vaccine be available for children?
Currently, Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine is approved for use in people 16 years of age and older. (Moderna’s is for ages 18 and older.) That’s because until recently the vaccine had not been tested in children 12 years of age or younger. That is to be expected. Vaccines are usually tested in adults first before researchers begin testing in children, once the drug has been determined to be relatively safe.
Moderna and Pfizer are now both testing their vaccines on children between the ages of 12 and 17. Moderna expects the label for the vaccine to be expanded to 12-17 years old this summer. For now, it is undetermined when the COVID-19 vaccine will be tested in children aged 11 and under.
What if you are pregnant or breastfeeding? Is the vaccine safe for you?
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, the FDA will leave the decision to take any of the currently approved COVID-19 vaccines up to you and your doctor, but the WHO does not recommend pregnant women to participate at this time. vaccinate. Until now, UK regulators have advised against it until the vaccines can be tested and proven safe for pregnant and nursing women.
On Feb. 18, Pfizer announced that it has begun clinical trials to evaluate the COVID-19 vaccine in pregnant women. The first group of participants has received their first doses.
Should people with allergies get the coronavirus vaccine?
In the UK, on the first day of administration of the Pfizer vaccine, doctors observed two patients who had severe allergic reactions to the drug. British doctors are told to monitor patients for 15 minutes after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. In the US, from December 21, 2020 to January 10, 2021, 10 cases of anaphylaxis had been detected following administration of more than 4 million first doses of Moderna COVID-19 vaccine – or about 2.5 cases per million doses administered, according to the CDC. (There are nowin the US who are now vaccinated.)
The FDA says complications are rare and some people may have an allergic reaction to the COVID-19 vaccines, such as anaphylaxis or tissue swelling, from both the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. Some scientists are investigating whether the cause is an ingredient in the vaccine – but not the COVID-19 mRNA itself – that could trigger some of the reactions, The Wall Street Journal reported.
“CDC recommends that people with a history of severe allergic reactions unrelated to vaccines or injectable drugs – such as allergies to food, pet, poison, environment or latex – should still be vaccinated,” the agency states one of its COVID – 19 Vaccines and serious allergic reactions page.
The FDA has published a fact sheet on the Pfizer vaccine and a separate fact sheet on the Moderna vaccine. Both publications warn, “A severe allergic reaction usually occurs within a few minutes to an hour after a dose is administered …” Both magazines then list various signs and symptoms of such an allergic reaction:
- Breathing problems
- Swelling of the face and throat
- A fast heartbeat
- A rash on the whole body
- Dizziness and weakness
If you have had allergies in the past, you can expect to be monitored for 15 to 30 minutes after receiving the vaccine.
The World Health Organization says, “People with a history of severe allergic reactions to any ingredient in the vaccine should not use it.” The FDA also recommends that you don’t use the Pfizer vaccine if you’ve ever had a severe reaction to any of these ingredients:
- Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)
- Lipids ((4-hydroxybutyl) azanediyl) bis (hexane-6,1-diyl) bis (2-hexyl decanoate) 2 [(polyethylene glycol)-2000]-N, N-ditetradecylacetamide 1,2-Distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and cholesterol)
- Potassium Chloride
- Monobasic potassium phosphate
- Sodium Chloride
- Dibasic sodium phosphate dihydrate
The FDA similarly recommends avoiding Moderna’s vaccine if you are allergic to any of the ingredients:
- Lipids (SM-102, polyethylene glycol [PEG] 2000 dimyristoyl glycerol [DMG], cholesterol and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [DSPC]
- Tromethamine hydrochloride
- Acetic acid
- Sodium acetate
You may still be able to receive a vaccine even if you have had allergic reactions to vaccinations in the past. In its most up-to-date guidelines, the CDC reiterates to the FDA by stating that just because you’ve had a serious allergic reaction after being vaccinated in the past, you shouldn’t automatically stop being vaccinated against COVID-19.
“These individuals may still receive the vaccination, but they need to be educated about the unknown risks of developing a serious allergic reaction and weigh those risks against the benefits of vaccination,” the CDC says on its website.
How are you protected against the coronavirus if you cannot take a vaccine?
If you are a patient with a health condition that your doctor does not recommend getting a COVID-19 vaccine, you may have to wait until enough people in the US have been vaccinated to protect yourself. Even if you don’t take a vaccine yourself, being surrounded by adequately vaccinated people – what is known as “herd immunity” – can provide a measure of protection against the coronavirus. But that takes time. 90% of the population may need to become immune to the disease before those who are still susceptible can be considered safe.
To initiate that process, the best thing to do now is to follow the CDC’s safety guidelines: wear a mask when you are indoors (except in your own home),and keep a distance of at least six feet from people you don’t live with.
It will take a while for life to return to normal. To get an idea of how long, take a look at this timeline of when different groups can do thatMore coronavirus vaccines are likely to be rolled out in the coming months, and will also help you determine when to take it. And last but not least, where you can get the vaccine.
The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended to be health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health care practitioner if you have any questions about a medical condition or health goals.